South Asian cinema

South Asian cinema

South Asian cinema
South Asian cinema refers to the cinema of Afghanistan, Bangladesh, Bhutan, India, Maldives, Nepal, Pakistan and Sri Lanka. The terms Asian cinema, Eastern cinema and Oriental cinema in common usage often encompass South Asia as well as East Asia and South East Asia.

Regional industries
▷ Afghanistan cinema ▷ Bangladeshi cinema ▷ Bhutanese cinema
▷ Indian cinema ▷ Myanmar cinema ▷ Nepali cinema
▷ Pakistani cinema ▷ Sri Lankan ( ▷ Tamil) cinema

The cinema of Afghanistan
Cinema entered Afghanistan at the beginning of the 20th century. The political changes of Afghanistan have not allowed the cinema of the country to grow over the years. However, numerous Pashto and Dari films have been made both inside and outside Afghanistan throughout the 20th century. The cinema of Afghanistan entered a new phase in 2001.

Cinema of Bangladesh (Dhallywood)
The cinema of Bangladesh, better known as Dhallywood (Bengali: ঢালিউড), is the Bengali-language film industry based in Dhaka, Bangladesh. It has often been a significant film industry since the early 1970s. The dominant style of Bangladeshi cinema is melodramatic cinema, which developed from 1947 to 1990 and characterizes most films to this day. Cinema was introduced in Bangladesh in 1898 by the Bradford Bioscope Company, credited to have arranged the first film release in Bangladesh.

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Bhutanese cinema
The cinema of Bhutan is a small but emerging industry, having started in the mid-1990s. It has since been supported by government officials and different businesses.

The cinema of India
The cinema of India consists of films produced in the nation of India. Cinema is immensely popular in India. Every year more than 2,000 films get produced in various languages in India. Mumbai, Hyderabad, Kolkata, Chennai, Kochi and Bangalore are the major centres of film production in India. The history of cinema in India extends back to the beginning of the film era. Following the screening of the Lumière and Robert Paul moving pictures in London (1896), commercial cinematography became a worldwide sensation and by mid-1896 both Lumière and Robert Paul films had been shown in Bombay.

Cinema of Myanmar
The cinema of Burma has a long history dating back to the 1910s. The person who created the first silent film was Ohn Maung (Burma’s first producer and director).
Burma’s first film was a recording of the funeral of Tun Shein – a leading politician of the 1910s, who campaigned for Burmese independence in London.

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Nepali cinema
Nepali cinema does not have a very long history, but the industry has its own place in the cultural heritage of the country. It is often referred to as “Nepali Chalchitra” (which translates to “Nepalese movies” in English). This includes films in various languages of Nepal, most notably in Nepali, Maithili and Bhojpuri. The term Kollywood is also used, as a portmanteau of “Kathmandu”.

Cinema of Pakistan (Lollywood)
The cinema of Pakistan or Pakistani cinema (Urdu: پاکِستانی سینما‎), refers to the filmmaking industry in Pakistan. Pakistan is home to several film studios centres, primarily located in its two largest cities – Karachi and Lahore. Pakistani cinema has played an important part in Pakistani culture and in recent years has begun flourishing again after years of decline, delivering entertainment to audiences in Pakistan and expatriates abroad.

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Sri Lankan ( ▷ Tamil) cinema
Sri Lankan cinema encompasses the films made in Sri Lanka. It is a fledgling industry that has struggled to find a footing since its inauguration in 1947 with Kadawunu Poronduwa produced by S. M. Nayagam of Chitra Kala Movietone. Sri Lankan films are usually made in the Sinhala language, as well as in the Tamil language.
Sri Lankan Tamil cinema, the Tamil language film industry in Sri Lanka, has remained relatively small with fewer than 100 films produced.

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